Daftar Singkatan

Berikut adalah daftar beberapa singkatan yang sering digunakan dalam penerbangan:

 

 AAL

Above Aerodrome Level

ABN

Abnormal

ACARS

ARINC Communications and Reporting System

ACM 

Air Cycle Machine

ACP

Audio Control Panel

ACT

Additional Center Tank

A/C

Aircraft

AGL

Above Ground Level

AH

Alert Height

AIP

Aeronautical Information Publication

ALS

Approach Landing System

ALT

Altitude

ALTN

Alternate

AMSL

Above Mean Sea Level

AOM

Aerodrome Operating Minima / Aeroplane Operating Matters/Manual

A/P

Auto-Pilot

APU

Auxiliary Power Unit

ASAP

As Soon As Possible

ASR

Air Safety Report

APCH

Approach

ATA

Actual Time of Arrival

ATC

Air Traffic Control

ATD

Actual Time of Departure

AWO

All Weather Operations

AWY

Airway

BC

Back Course

BCM

Back Course Marker

BCN

Beacon

BDRY

Boundary

BKN

Broken

BLDG

Building

CAT

Clear Air Turbulence

CAT 1

Landing Category 1 (2 or 3)

CAT 2

Category 2 All Weather Operations

CAT 3

Category 3 All Weather Operations

CAVOK

Ceiling and Visibility OK

C/B

Circuit Breaker

CL

Centerline Lights

COM

Communications Equipment

CRM

Crew resource Management

CRZ

Cruise

D

Day

DA

Decision altitude

DEST

Destination

Dev

Deviation

DH

Decision Height

DIST

Distance

DME

Distance Measuring Equipment

DOW & I

Dry Operating Weight and Index

E

East

EDP

Electronic Data Processing

ELEV

Elevation

EMER

Emergency

ETA

Estimated Time of Arrival

ETD

Estimated Time of Departure

ETOPS

Extended Twin Operations

ETP

Equi Time Point

EXP

Exit Point (ETOPS)

F

Fahrenheit

FIR

Flight Information Region

FIS

Flight Information Services

FL

Flight Level

FLT

Flight

FMS

Flight Management System

ft

Feet

GA

Go-around

GMT

Greenwich Mean Time

GND

Ground

G/S

Glide Slope

GS

Ground Speed

H

Hour

H24

24 Hour Service

HF

High Frequency (3 to 30 MHz)

HI

High / High Intensity Light

Hg

Mercury

hPa

hecto Pascal

Hrs

Hours

Hz

Hertz (cycles per second)

IAL

Instrument Approach and Landing Chart

IAS

Indicated Air Speed

IATA

International Air Transport Association

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organisation

IFPS

Integrated Flight Planning System

IFR

Instrument Flight Rules

ILS

Instrument Landing System

IMC

Instrumental Meteorological Conditions

in

inch(es)

ISA

International Standard Atmosphere

ISO

International Standard Organisation

KCAS

Knots Calibrated Airspeed

kg

kilogram

kHz

kilohertz

km

kilometer

kts

knots

L

Light / Left

LCTR

Locator (Compass)

LD

Landing Distance

LDA

Landing Distance Available

LDG

Landing

LLZ

Localizer

LMC

Last Minute Changes

LMT

Local Mean Time

LPC

Less Paper Cockpit

LOC

Localizer

LVP

Low Visibility Procedures

m

meter

MAP

Missed Approach Point

MAX

Maximum

mb

Millibar

MDA/H

Minimum Descent Altitude / Height

MHz

Megahertz

MID

Middle Runway Portion

MLW

Maximum Landing Weight

mm

Millimeter

MNPS

Minimum Navigation Performance Specification

MOCA

Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude

MORA

Minimum Off-Route Altitude

MSA

Minimum Safe (or Sector) Altitude

MSL

Mean Sea Level

MTOW

Maximum Take Off Weight

MZFW

Maximum Zero Fuel Weight

N

North

NA

Not Applicable

NAV

Navigation

NE

Northeast

NM

Nautical Miles

NDB

Non Directional Beacon

NOTAM

Notice To Airmen

NW

Northwest

OAT

Outside Air Temperature

OCA (H)

Obstacle Clearance Altitude (Height)

OEW

Operating Empty Weight

OM

Operations Manual / Outer Marker

OPS

Operations

PAN-OPS

Procedures for Air Navigation Services - Aircraft Operations

PAPI

Precision Approach Path Indicator

PAR

Precision Approach Radar

PCN

Pavement Classification Number

PERF

Performance

PFD

Primary Flight Display

PPR

Prior Permission Required

QDM

Magnetic Bearing to facility

QDR

Magnetic Bearing from facility

QFE

Actual atmosphere pressure at airport elevation

QFU

Magnetic Orientation of Runway

QNE

Sea level standard atmosphere (1013 hPa or 29.92’’ Hg)

QNH

Actual atmosphere pressure at sea level based on local station pressure

RA

Radio Altitude / Radio Altimeter / Resolution Advisories

REF

Reference

RFF

Rescue Fire Fighting

RH

Right Hand

RPL

Repetitive Flight Plan

RNP

Required Navigation Performance

ROR

Record of Revision

RPL

Repetitive flight plan

RTO

Rejected Take Off

RTOW

Regulated Take Off Weight

RVR

Runway Visual Range

RVSM

Reduced Vertical separation Minima

RWY

Runway

S

South

SAR

Search and Rescue

SE

Southwest

SID

Standard Instrument Departure

SIGMET

Information concerning en-route weather phenomena, which may affect the safety of aircraft operations

SNOWTAM

Snow Notice to Airmen

SPD

Speed

SRA

Surveillance Radar Approach

SRE

Surveillance Radar Element of Precision Approach Radar System

STAR

Standard Terminal Arrival Route

STD

Standard

SW

Southwest

TA

Traffic Advisories

TAF

Terminal Aerodrome Forecast

TAS

True Air Speed

TAT

Total Air Temperature

TBC

To Be Confirmed

TBD

To Be Determined

TBN

To Be Notified

TCAS

Traffic Collision Alert System (Traffic Collision and Avoidance System)

TDZ

Touch down Zone

TEMP

Temperature

TEMPO

Temporary

T/O

Take-Off

TOC

Top Of Climb

TOD

Top Of Descent

TODA

Take-Off Distance Available

TOGA

Take-Off / Go-Around

TOGW

Take-Off Gross Weight

TORA

Take-Off Run Available

TOW

Take-Off Weight

TWR

Tower

TWY

Taxiway

UHF

Ultra High Frequency (300-3000 mHz)

U/S

Unserviceable

UTC

Co-ordinated Universal Time,sama dengan GMT

VASI

Visual Approach Slope Indicator

VFE

Maximum Speed Flaps / Slats Extended

VFR

Visual Flight Rules

VFTO

Speed Final T/O

VHF

Very High Frequency (30-300 MHz)

VIS

Visibility

VMC

Visual Meteorological Conditions

VOR

VHF Omni-directional Range

V/S

Vertical Speed

W

West

WPT

Way-point

WX

Weather

WXR

Weather Radar

Z

Zulu Time (UTC/GMT)

ZFCG

Zero Fuel Centre of Gravity

ZFW

Zero Fuel Weight


 

Artikel terkait

disclaimer

Semua tulisan di site ini hanyalah untuk belajar dan meningkatkan ketrampilan personel penerbangan dan menambah wawasan masyarakat umum. Jika ada perbedaan dengan dokumen resmi dari otoritas yang berwenang dan pabrik pesawat, maka dokumen resmilah yang berlaku. Klik di judul disclaimer di atas untuk melihat keseluruhan aturan penggunaan ilmuterbang.com
Go to top